Due to its enormous coral reefs and the transparency of its waters, which allow visibilities of down to 70 metres, the island is one of the five best places in the planet for the practice of scuba diving and snorkelling; it was the training camp for navy divers from the United States during World War II, and later one of the favourite spots of investigator Jaques Cousteau.
To submerge, to be part of the depth, another inhabitant of the
profundities of the Caribbean. To get close to the coral walls of
the Reefs of Cozumel
National Marine Park, or adventure
to the waters bordering the Palancas Reef, one of the largest in
the world, are sublime experiences that remain engraved in the memory
The immersions can be revived at the Chankanaab National Park, which adds to its excellent diving areas, a spectacular botanic garden with over 350 varieties of tropical flora coming from 20 different countries, where 60 palm tree species and a diversity of orchids stand out.
Along with its amazing natural landscapes, Cozumel
located 68 kilometres offshore Cancun and 18 kilometres away from
Playa del Carmen, shows important vestiges of its pre-Hispanic past
with the Mayan temples and palaces of the San Gervasio Complex,
the best preserved archaeological monument of the island.
Other Mayan constructions did not resist the Spanish presence, which started in 1518 with the arrival of Juan de Grijalva. Later, when the Spaniards got hold of other coastal zones of Mexico, they decided to abandon the island; but in the XVII century, the pirates turned it into their den. A century later it would become unpopulated once again.
But it was not forever. During the War of Castes, an uprising of
Mayan natives due to the social and ethnical inequalities ruling
in Mexico in the midst of the XIX century, it became the refuge
of the mestizos crossbreeds running away from the cities in order
to save their lives. They would found San Miguel, the only town
Home of goddesses, den of pirates, and discreet inlet of crossbred
fishermen. Historic changes of an island that, in the present time,
is one of the major tourist attractions of the Mayan Riviera. What
would come next? Nobody knows, the only certainty is that Cozumel
will remain as a place of inspiring beauty.