And that is why in 1919, was founded in Jalisco the first formal association of charros, those horsemen, daring and brave, who are the zealous protectors of their country inheritance. This is also the state in which tequila, the national beverage of Mexico, is produced.
Yes, there are plenty of reasons for singing instead of crying in
, a metropolis founded in 1532 by Nuño
Beltran de Guzman, who full of nostalgia baptized it with the same
name of that of his hometown in Spain. Long time after that - the
27th of May of 1824, to be exact -, it would become the capital
History - not the mariachis - says that by the end of the XVIII
century and the beginning of the XIX, Guadalajara
was progressing at a steady pace. Its textile industry was fully
developing, while in the educational ambit the university was instituted
in 1792, and regarding the urban development, the Cabañas Hospice
was built in 1805; currently a cultural centre housing precious
murals painted by Jose Clemente Orozco.
The Tapatia (name given to matters regarding the city) lands were no stranger to the social movements that changed the face of the nation, such as the Independence War and the Mexican Revolution. Confusing and uncertain times, but also loaded with illusions and hopes that in one way or another contributed to the current progress of the metropolis.
- at 546 kilometres from the City of
Mexico and at 340 kilometres from Puertos Vallarta - is an important
trade centre, with a pronounced political and judicial independence.
A modern place accurately organized and with little pollution. It
keeps architectonic monuments in its historic centre, like the Metropolitan
Cathedral, an indisputable symbol of the capital of Jalisco.
But the attractions are not constrained to a temple of proverbial beauty. No, there are many more and range from the neoclassical lines of the Teatro Degollado (Cutthroat Theatre), the serene ampleness of the Plaza Tapatia and the fascinating architecture of the Cabañas Cultural Institute, to the unbelievable colour of the Libertad (Freedom) Market, the biggest in the western hemisphere.
And between the toasts with tequila and the songs of the mariachis, the visitors will have time to be delighted by the works of the artisans of Jalisco, who perpetuate the techniques they learned from their fathers and grandfathers.
True paradises of creativity, with the "mountains" of pottery and
the "herds" of mules made out of corn leafs, are found in the towns
of Tlajomulco de Zuñiga, Tlaquepaque and Tonala, all within Guadalajara's
metropolitan area, all a few minutes away from the Historic Centre.
History and modernity in the capital of Jalisco. A bastion of the
Mexican culture in a fertile valley of the Sierra Madre Occidental
that squanders a benign weather… the song is over. The mariachis
clear their throats, breath in some air and tune their cords in
some corner of Guadalajara
, a corner in which you
could and should be.