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GUANAJUATO

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-Marfil: It is a mining town located 4 kilometres west of Guanajuato, whose roots date back to the mid XVI century, when Spanish troops settled themselves Entrance to The Ex-hacienda San Gabriel de Barrera in the zone in order to protect the extremely wealthy mines exploited in there. Several haciendas cropped up in Marfil due to its closeness to the Guanajuato River, amongst them San Gabriel de Becerra, whose main house was an elegant colonial mansion from the XVIII century.
Antiguedades en La Ex Hacienda San GabrielThe house currently hosts a small museum with valuable paintings, suites and tapestry from the XVIII century; and a chapel with a gothic altarpiece and 17 beautiful gardens of different characteristics can be appreciated as well. The hacienda is an amazing vestige of the opulence of those times.

San Cayetano Church -La Valenciana Mine: Two thirds of the silver that packed the Spanish coffers during the colonial period were extracted from this historic mine deposit, discovered in 1548 though which reached its peak in 1760, when Antonio de Ordoņez found a deposit of incalculable value.
It was since then the most productive mine in the world; but its economic success came with a painful human tragedy: many natives lost their lives in the mine tunnels where they were unmercifully and savagely exploited.
La Valencia is operating even today; it has a 525-metre deep main tunnel as well as secondary galleries that embrace a total extension of 40 kilometres. The Mining Cooperative that administers this historic deposit has established visiting timetables for travellers. It is located on Highway 30, along the route that leads to the City of Dolores Hidalgo.
  • Temple of La Valenciana: Antonio de Ordoņez decided to build a great temple in the style of Spanish architect Churriguera with pink quarry stones, as a sign of gratitude to God for the incredible riches found at his mine deposit. The works were finished in 1788 It is one of the best preserved temples in the state; its altar and altarpieces are covered with laminated gold and it also houses old paintings and artworks, which are clear evidence of the prosperity achieved by the mining activity in Guanajuato. The temple is also known as San Cayetano
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  • -Mine of Rayas: It was the first mine in Guanajuato, discovered by drover Juan Rayas in 1550, although it was Jose de Sardineta y Legaspi, its third proprietor, who fully exploited its riches. The deposit is 400 metres deep being the deepest in the world during those times.
    The remains of the main temple commissioned by the first marquis of Rayas are nearby the mine.

    -San Miguel de Allende: Facades of pink stones, pitted streets, San Miguel de Allendered tiles covering the roofs and sidewalks going up and down, are some of the of details that replicate in a city that was declared National Patrimony in 1926, due to its historical and monumental value, and for its fondness for tradition.
    This city of colonial roots was founded in 1542 by Franciscan Juan de San Miguel, who named it San Miguel el Grande, a denomination that was changed to San Miguel de Allende in order to pay homage to Captain Ignacio de Allende, hero of the fight for independence.
    Its original architecture is explained due to the prosperity of miners and ranchers alike,dome of the parish at san miguel allende who commissioned the construction of sumptuous mansions and palaces in order to live like kings. They also promoted the construction of magnificent temples for the purpose of saving their souls and getting into good graces with God.
    a typical colorful street of san miguel de allendeSan Miguel de Allende is currently a refuge for artists, both national and foreigners, who find more than inspiration in its streets. It is located 94 kilometres away from Guanajuato, at an altitude of 1870 metres above sea level.
    Amongst its architectonic beauties we have the Parish of San Miguel Archangel,Parish of San Miguel Archangel of gothic style and from the XVII century; the Allende Institute, one of the main artistic centres of the city, whose seat was built in the XVIII century being the Earl of Canal its first owner; and the Monastery of The Conception and its huge dome that is currently the Cultural Centre of Fine Arts, also called The Necromancer.
    Besides, there is the interesting San Miguel de Allende Historic Museum in the former house of Captain Ignacio de Allende.

    -Dolores Hidalgo: It is a simple town of colonial traditional arches in the heart of dolores hidalgoroots famous for having been the scenario of the "Cry of Dolores" on September the 16th of 1810, an event that set out the fight for independence, led by father Miguel Hidalgo.
    Story goes that in the morning of the said day father Hidalgo tolled the bells of the church (he was the town's priest) to summon the neighbours. Then he would give a speech in favour of the independence that would end with the cry: "Death to the Gachupines (Spaniards)!" Ten months later father Hidalgo, turned into the leader of the emancipating struggle, was captured and the authorities condemned him to death, being later executed in Chihuahua.
    It is located at 40 kilometres from San Miguel de Allende, and at 54 kilometres from Guanajuato, the state capital.

    Amongst its main attractions we have:
    • House and Museum of Don Miguel Hidalgo: it is a colonial edifice built Museo Casa Miguel Hidalgo, in the historical center of dolores hidalgoin 1779 that was the home of the leader of the emancipating struggle, Miguel Hidalgo. Valuable objects, suites and documents from the independence period are on exibition.

    • Museum of the Independence: it was the prison that father Miguel Hidalgo stormed on September the 16th of 1810 in order to free the prisoners; it was built in the XVIII century. Likewise, the parish of Our Lady of Dolores, in the style of Spanish architect Churriguera, where father Hidalgo pronounced his historical cry, stands out.
    -Celaya: It is a welcoming city of colonial features that was founded onpanoramic view of celayav October the 12th of 1570 with the name of Town of the Most Pure Conception of Zalaya. It is renowned for its exquisite cajetas, sweets made of milk with an unmatchable taste. It is located 109 kilometres away from Guanajuato, the state capital.

    -Iraputo: The most delicious strawberries in Mexico Templo del Hospitalario in Irapuato are harvested in this picturesque and charming city, surged in the times of conquistador Hernan Cortes. It is situated 48 kilometres south of Guanajuato.

    -Leon: It was founded on January the 20th of 1576 by command of ViceroyPanoramic view of the Explora Interactive Museum in Leon Martin Enriquez de Almanza, in order to turn it into a defensive stronghold against the attacks of the Chichimec Indians. In the current city, known as the "Pearl of the Lowland" coexist architectonic colonial jewels with modern buildings and vigorous industrial centres, specialised on the production of shoes and leatherworks.
    Amongst its Hispanic legacy, the Cathedral from the XVIII century and the Expiatory Temple, with its singular bronze door, jut out. It is located at 56 kilometres from Guanajuato.

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