is one of the most important and well
preserved archaeological complexes in the Country. Its name means
"the place where men are transformed into gods", which would reveal
its religious essence and explain why it was one of the major cities
in Central America, reaching an extension of over 20 square kilometres
holding a population of about 200 thousand people.
Its beginnings go back to around 600 B.C. but its summit arrived between the years 200 A.D. and 500 A.D. Its social organization had the priests as the dominant class. Architectonically speaking, Teotihuacan is based on the use of vertical and inclined elements.
Neither the archaeological nor the historical research has been
able to determine with accuracy the reasons why Teotihuacan was
set on fire and abandoned after the year 650 A.D. In spite of that
fact, it became an important religious centre to Toltecs and Aztecs.
It is located some 50 kilometres to the Northeast of Mexico
. These archaeological remains are worth mentioning:
- La Piramide del Sol - The Pyramid of the Sun.
This is one of the most representative structures of the architectonic
complex. It stands 64 metres above the ground and is the third
highest of the world. Its base has an area of 225 square metres
and, according to the scholars; it took more than four million
tons of materials to raise it.
To reach the top is necessary to overcome 248 stairs, although the effort is rewarded with an impressive sight of the Valley. When the sun beams of light reach its western side during the Summer solstice, a wonderful view appears to the eyes of the visitors.
Behind this Pyramid, assumedly built around the year 100 A.D., is the Tepantitla complex and its famous mural named el paraiso de Tlaloc or the paradise of Tlaloc that depicts the so called god in the act of creating rain from the sea.