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MORELIA

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-Palacio de Gobierno - Palace of Government, this is one of the most emblematic buildings of the elegant and severe architectonic style of Morelia. It was the seat of the Seminario Tridentino de Valladolid (inaugurated on January 23rd of 1770), where several preponderant characters of the Mexican history were formed, as Michelen (forerunner of the Independence); Juan José Martínez (botanist and statesman); José María Morelos (statesman and forerunner of the Independence) and Melchor Ocampo, one of the creators of the laws of the Reforma.

Inside the building stands out the main stairway, supported by three irregularly shaped arches. In the upper rooms can be appreciated the enormous mural paintings done by the renowned painter of Michoacan Alfredo Zalce, who in 1960 captured with his work the principal deeds of the history of Mexico.

On March the 12th of 1859, during the historic period of La Reforma, the liberal Epitafio Huertas expropriated the Convent. In the year of 1867 it became the premises of the State, a condition that was maintained up to the present days. It is located in front of the Cathedral Church.
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    Morelia
    -Palacio de Clavijero, is a majestic architectonic compound of the 17th century. Its façade is arranged by two baroque styled levels, while its interior is surprising for the dimensions of its patio and also for the dome at the top of its staircase.

    Clavijero FountainThe Palace is known as Clavijero in memory of the Jesuit priest Francisco Javier Clavijero, author of the "Ancient History of Mexico" and the "Dialogue between Filiteles and Paleofile", who abandoned the Country when his Order was banned from Mexico in 1767. He would die twenty years later in Italy. His remains were brought back and are actually buried in the Rotonda de los Hombres Ilustres in Mexico City.

    After the victory of the Independent Party in 1824, the Palace became the seat of the Congress of Michoacán. Nowadays its facilities are occupied by several bureaus of the government, besides an important public library and the José Ruben Romero Theatre.

    The Palace of Clavijero was thoroughly refurbished between 1969 and 1970. It is located at 79 Nigromante Street, in the Historical Centre of Morelia.

    -Palacio Municipal Morelia - Town Hall, it was the seat of the colonial institution in charge of controlling the elaboration and commerce of tobacco (only five existed in Nueva España). Apart of its architectonical merits, the building is also famous for having been the scenario from where the priest Miguel Hidalgo y Costilla -father of the Independence of Mexico- declared the abolition of slavery in 1810.

    The Palace is a two story building and its interior has a solid archway, a stairway with the coat of arms of the City behind and an octagonal patio that is considered a real jewel from the architecture of Morelia.

    In the year of 1846 the house was bought by the State of Michoacán, thanks to the efforts of its governor Melchor Ocampo. It is currently the seat of the municipality of Morelia. It is located at the corner of Allende and Nigromante Streets.

    -Palace of Justice, is a beautiful casona (old mansion) from 1885. Its façade shows clear French influences, which contrast with its exquisitely baroque interiors. The second floor of the casona exhibits decorative elements with pre-Hispanic influence and over its main stairway stands out the pictorial works of the artist Agustín Cárdenas, inspired on the First Court of Justice.

    It is located facing the Mártires Square.
    • Alhóndiga, is a baroque styled building that was erected in 1774. It is positioned at one side of the Palace of Justice though during its first years it was used as a wheat storehouse (alhóndiga). In 1877 it was remodelled to enlarge the penitentiary. At the present days it hosts the Civil Courtrooms of Morelia.
    -Acueducto, its construction was ordered in 1785 by Fray Antonio de San Miguel, to end with the shortage of water the City was suffering by that time. The ambitious work -a very large pink coloured snake- was made using an old aqueduct from 1705 as its base, but which was in bad conditions.

    The new aqueduct would have 1.700 metres long and went through the old Calle Real Street (now Francisco I. Madero St.) and flowed into a mud pipe box from where water was distributed to 30 public fountains.

    Along its distance, 253 arches finely carved in quarry stone, brought to this purpose from the Santa María Hill, can be seen. A true architectonical skill display that bestows a peculiar look to the urban heart of Morelia. It ceased functioning near the end of the 19th century.

    -Museo Regional Michoacano, is one of the oldest in the Country. It was founded in 1886 and through its halls can be observed, in a most dynamic way, the historical process of the State, beginning with its Pre-Hispanic roots and continuing through the centuries until the present times.

    The Museum contains different sectors, dedicated to Pre-Spanish times, colonial period, independence struggle, the chapter of the Reform and the porfiriato the long lasting government period of Porfirio Díaz, by the end of the 19th century and the beginnings of the 20th century. There are also exhibitions and boards about the geographical and ecological characteristics of Michoacán.

    Its most cherished piece is a canvas titled "El Traslado de las Monjas" or "The Moving of the Nuns" (1738), which was considered by the renowned mural painter Diego Rivera as a rare testimony of history, sociology and ethnography.

    The building where it is located is an old baroque styled edifice from the 18th century that belonged to Isidro Huarte, a rich tradesman and politician. It is situated at 305 Allende Street, in the Historical Centre of Morelia.

    Attention to public is from Tuesdays to Saturdays between 9:00 am and 7:00 pm and between 9:00 am to 2:00 pm on Sundays.

    -Museo del Estado, was inaugurated on August 11 of 1986. Its halls contain important collections of history, archaeology and ethnology, making more comprehensible the profile of the population of Michoacán. In its anteroom can be observed an exhibition of the utilitarian tools and furniture of the antique Mier drugstore (1868)

    The seat of the Museum is a casona from the 18th century, which was refurbished to host important testimonies of the State's rich history. It is situated at 176 Guillermo Prieto Street.

    The Museum opens its doors Monday to Friday between 9:00 am and 2:00 pm, and Saturday and Sunday between 9:00 am and 2:00 pm and 4:00 to 7:00 pm. On Wednesdays there is a guides free service.

    -Museo de Arte Colonial, within its reduced grandeur, this small Museum exhibits a part of the rich religious and artistic legacy from the colonial epoch. The exhibition comprises more than 100 highly valuable objects, standing out among all of them two peculiar images of Christ (done with corn cane paste and a bondage extracted from orchids), which were made by two indigenes during the evangelizing period conducted by Vasco de Quiroga.

    The Museum also contains several easel paintings signed by transcendental artists as Miguel Cabrera, Miguel Herrera y José Padilla, oil paintings, coin collections and documents from colonial times.

    The building that hosts the Museum is also very attractive. It is an excellent baroque construction in which the first printing house of the City, called "Imprenta del Ejército Imperial de las Tres Garantías" formerly functioned since June 23 of 1821.

    It is located in the intersection of the Benito Juárez and Santiago Tapia Streets.

    -Museo Casa Natal Morelos, this was the home house of the forerunner of Michoacán José María Morelos y Pavón. To celebrate the bicentennial of his birth (September 30 of 1765), the authorities from Michoacán decided to transform the baroque premises of the mansion into the halls of a museum, one which would let to be known and interpreted the life of this insigne son of Michoacán through paintings, documents, photographs, furniture and other objects from those times.

    Besides the Museum itself, in this place is also housed the Archbishopric of Michoacán, a library specialised on the life and deeds of the forerunner, as well as conference, concerts and expositions rooms.

    It is located in 113 Corregidora Street.

    -Centro de Convenciones y Exposiciones de Morelia, it is one of the most complete in its kind around Mexico. Through a 15 hectares of extension lot had been erected modern facilities, like a hotel with 251 rooms, a theatre, a planetarium, some squares and an orchid's hatchery. It is situated South of Morelia, at the Ventura Avenue (no number), ten minute driving distance from the Historical Centre.
    • Orquidiario Alberto Oviedo Mota - Orchyd Hatchery, in Mexico exist some 1.300 species of orchids, from which 200 can be found in Morelia. For this reason, in June of 1980 it was decided to create a place for their preservation and research, whereupon 3 green houses were built, two of them for scientific purposes and the other that would remain open to the public. Presently there are close to 2,260 orchyds, comprising wild ones from all regions of Mexico and hybrids (totalling 671) from the crossings between similar species.


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