TULUM NATIONAL PARK
The diversity of its flora and fauna, numerous cenotes of fresh waters, objects of cult for the ancient Mayas, and an imposing archaeological compound, are the reasons that make of Tulúm a subjugating Eco-Archaeological Park with 664 hectares of life, history and adventure.
Beyond the lavish walled City of Tulúm, built by the Mayas on solid cliffs, the Park presents different types of vegetation, with fringes of herbaceous and creeping plants.
There are also communities of shrubs and trees with specimens reaching
up to 5 metres of height, such as the coconut palm tree (Cocus
nucífera). The chit (Thrinax Radiata) and the chechen
palm trees (Metopium Brownei) are on the coastal zones,
which they are proper from. There are attractive natural settings
inhabited by fauna proper of the tropical zones, with birds such
as the calandra lark (Icterus cuculltu) and seabirds such
as the pelican (Pelecanus occidenatalis). Amongst the mammals
we have the anteater (Tamandua mexicana), the grey squirrel
(Sciurus aureogaster) and the tepezcuintle or agouti (Agouti
paca), a large rodent, standing out.
Every year the sea turtles arrive on its shorelines to lay their
eggs. The spectacle is simply impressive, a unique natural experience
that allows appreciating the white turtles (Chelonia mydas),
the loggerhead sea turtles (Caretta caretta) and the leatherbacks
(Dermochelys coriacea) on their struggle to perpetuate
their species. They are all on the brink of extinction.
This natural and historical area was declared National Park in April of 1981 and an Archaeological Monumental Zone in December of 1993. It is located in the Municipality of Solidaridad, 3 kilometres north of the Town of Tulúm, where travellers will find hotels, restaurants and other services.