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- The Zona Arqueologica de Yaxchilan - Archaeological Zone is an old Maya City that rises from the midst of the wild jungle Lacandona, over the banks of the Usamacinta River, with the largest flow in Mexico and the longest in Central America, on the frontier to Guatemala.

Its origins date back two thousand years, when in the area appeared a small village, which with the passing of time (550 to 900 A.D.) was going to turn into an attractive and mighty city around the riverbeds of the Usumacinta River. One of its main characters was the King Pajaro Jaguar IV, or Bird Jaguar the Fourth.

Among the sites that can be visited in this archaeological complex are the Gran Plaza Main Square, the Gran Acropolis, the Acropolis Pequeña or Small Acropolis and the Acropolis Sur, presenting some rich details as bas-reliefs and lintels. Over the latter the Mayas depicted the dynastic history of the City, and specially, the decapitated sculpture with the figure of King Pajaro Jaguar IV, special feature that according to an ancient legend, when the severed head returns to the body to which it belongs, the world will cease existing, utterly destroyed by celestial jaguars.

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    Because of the fact that it is to be found in a heavily forested area, Yaxchilan is a destiny exclusive for those travellers that look for adventure, being the only way in on board of a ship -that starts from the borderline Echecarria or Corozal and after sailing for an hour on the Usumacinta River- or taking a trip on a small plane -there are some private flights that take off from Palenque, San Cristobal de las Casas or Tuxtla Gutierrez- to sightsee the Complex.

    - The Escudo Jaguar Shield is an attractive tourist centre located in the community Frontera Carozal (on the limits between Mexico and Guatemala) at a distance of 160 kilometres from Palenque. It works as a starting point to the adventurers that head towards the Zona Arqueologica de Yaxchilan Archaeological Zone, because from there weigh anchors the boats that go to this ancient Maya City, 25 kilometres away.

    This Tourist Centre includes cabins, restaurants, boat rental and hammocks, among other facilities.

    - Zona Arqueologica de Bonampak - Archaeological Area, In the heart of the Lacandona Jungle, the people of the Maya Culture constructed a notable city, and on several of its walls they designed colourful wall paintings depicting scenes relative to their ceremonial rites, battles, festivities and dances. These images have been like an open book to the scholars as a means to learn and understand the customs of this Pre-Hispanic people.

    Inside this archaeological area, situated into the Reserva de Biosfera de los Montes Azules Biosphere Reserve, there has only been researched the zones known as the Gran Plaza and the Acropolis, which has shown us, in the grounds of the former and on the access road to the latter, a number of magnificent obelisks depicting some very richly outfitted characters.

    Furthermore, in the Acropolis are found the best-preserved and most important wall paintings from all of the Maya civilization. A true spellbinder to the eyes of the visitor. Bonampak, discovered in the decade of the forties during the past century, would have had its days of splendour in the year 743 A.D., during the kingdom of Jaguar-Ojo Anudado. The name Bonampak is a Maya expression, which means "painted walls".

    This stronghold of the history of the Mayas is located at 140 kilometres to the Northwest of Palenque, near the borderline between Mexico and Guatemala. The access way on the land is very strenuous, especially during the last stage of the journey. It can also be reached by air, thanks to private flights that depart from Tuxtla Gutierrez or from Palenque itself.

    - The Zona Arqueologica de Tonina - Archaeological Area is a Ceremonial Center of the Mayas, which took over a thousand years to build. It resembles some kind of tower which on its different levels comprises temples and palaces connected one to another by staircases, being a notable one the third platform or Palacio de Inframundo which means the Underworld Palace, the fourth or Palacio de las Grecas y la Guerra, meaning Palace of the Fretworks and of War, and the seventh, comprising the Temple of the Prisoners and the Temple of the Smoking Mirror, among others.

    The scholars believe that this architectonic Complex, named by the Mayas themselves as the Casa de las Grandes Piedras or the House of the Large Stones, was indeed a military facility, in view of the great amounts of stucco and stone paintings depicting prisoners that exist in its interiors.

    Tonina can be found in the vicinity of Ocosingo, a town located at 103 kilometres from Palenque, halfway to the town of San Cristobal de las Casas.

    - The Cascada de Misol-Ha Waterfall, by its paradisiacal aspect resembles a postcard from some tropical jungle, in which can be seen very tall mahogany trees, chicozapotes and palos de agua. The cascade is formed by the Tzaconeja River and reaches a height of almost 30 metres. At the foot of the water veil the strength of the fall over the years has produced an ample pool in which the visitors can take a refreshing bath.

    The cascade, which name in the Chol tongue means "water swept", is located 21 kilometres from Palenque driving by the Road 199, in the municipality of Salto de Agua. The area is a tourist park that offers cabins, restaurants and other services for enjoying a pleasant visit.

    - The Cascada de Agua Azul - the Blue Water Waterfall is a set of superb turquoise coloured cascades, owing to its limestone bed. It is formed by the impetuous currents of the Agua Azul or Yax-Ha River and its striking beauty is a magnificent asset to the generous greenery of the jungle.

    It can be found at 64 kilometres from Palenque, by the route that goes to Ocosingo and San Cristobal de las Casas. There are some rustic cabins, restaurants, crafts stores and other facilities nearby.

    -Las Guacamayas is an eco-tourist centre of some 1200 hectares, managed by the Community Reforma Agraria of the municipality of Ocosingo. It was created in view of the necessity of preserving the life of the red macaw, a parrot-like bird that, as endangered specie, is facing extinction. Also to offer sanctuary to the mono saraguato monkey, the white tailed deer and the wild boar, among other species decimated by mankind.

    There are organized long hikes through the jungle, not to mention visits to watch birds in its natural habitat and trips on boats. All of these activities give the traveller an opportunity to enjoy an attractive variety of plant and animal wildlife.

    Las Guacamayas is located 252 kilometres away from Palenque by the Carretera Fronteriza del Sur road.

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