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TUXTLA GUTIERREZ

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-Sumidero Canyon National Park: a spectacular geological fault almost 25 kilometres long is the main attraction in this protected area, more than 20 thousand hectare wide and created in 1980 in order to preserve the rich flora and fauna of Chiapas.
The said Sumidero Canyon is eroded by the powerful Grijalva River, and it can be fully appreciated from the vantage points of Ceiba, Coyota, Roblar, Tepehuaje and Chiapas. Besides, you can cleave its waters, now settled by a dam, to watch closely its frightening and wild vertical walls more than one thousand metres high.
There are also numerous caves, such as the Grand Cave, the Cave of Silence and that of Christ. Other attractions are on its cascades, and the so-called Christmas Tree is the best known amongst them.
During your visit you may hear a story about the three thousand natives who jumped to the canyon in order to avoid falling into the hands of their enemies, before an imminent defeat inflicted by the Spanish forces.
Regarding the flora species, the tepeguajes, bonetes and pochotes stand out; regarding the fauna on the other hand, we find crocodiles, jaguars, pumas, spider monkeys and a great variety of birds.
The National Park is located at 18 kilometres from Tuxtla Gutierrez, and you have to embark at Cahuaré or Chiapa de Corzo; the boat trip lasts about 40 minutes.

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  • -Chiapa de Corzo: it is a place loaded with history, and its Mayan roots date back to the year 1400 BC, being one of the oldest human settlements of this great culture. Centuries later, in 1524, the Spaniards founded the first town of the region on this land.
    Amongst its attractions we have the Temple of Santo Doming, an admirable religious construction of the XVI century; the Fountain of the Plaza de Armas, a beautiful fountain from the XVI century that mimics the shape of the Spanish crown; the Museum of the Lacquer, which exhibits exquisite lacquered objects, and the Archaeological Compound, considered one of the most important in the central zone of Chiapas, being the Pyramid the major historic vestige, standing out.

    -Ponds of Berriozábal: they are located in a creek at 7 kilometres from Tuxtla Gutierrez, capital of the State of Chiapas. These refreshing natural ponds are formed by the current of the Sabinal River and belong to the Municipality of Berriozábal, which was founded as a hacienda by the chiefs of Chiapas of the Royal Crown in 1598.

    -Ocozocoautla de Espinoza: it is a discreet city located 26 kilometres away from Tuxtla Gutierrez, the capital of the State of Chiapas. The first half of its name is of Nohoa origins and means "forest of ocozotes", while the second half was added in honour of Luis Espinoza, a renowned Mexican revolutionary.

    There is a series of places of interest on the surroundings of the city, such as:
    • Pit or Pool of the Parrots: it is an abyss almost 100 metres deep with a diameter of 300 metres in which a dense vegetation of copal - small trees of aromatic foliage - with a population of thousands of parrots can be appreciated. Other singular characteristic are the rock paintings on its walls, with figures of warriors, animals and hands. It is located at roughly 19 kilometres from Ocozocoautla.

    • La Venta Canyon: it is a geological fault 75 kilometres long that has been hollowed by the roaring waters of La Venta River. It presents rocky walls up to 400 metres high, caves, cascades and worrisome rapids that make it hard to navigate on its waters, being necessary to be pretty skilful in order to do so. The best season is from January to May. It is located at 13 kilometres from Ocozocoautla.

    • Belgium Lagoon Educational Park: it is an approximately 42-hectare wide natural area that shows a vegetation proper of the upper forest, with bulky oaks, fruit trees, bushes and other semitropical species, which have originated the presence of a minor fauna, especially of birds. This is the only protected zone declared Educational Park and its pedagogical ends are oriented towards the teaching of natural sciences. It is located at 17 kilometres from Ocozocoautla, and at a little over an hour away from Tuxtla Gutierrez, the state capital.
    San Cristóbal de las Casas: architectonic jewels of baroque, plateresque and neoclassical styles, built between the XVI and XIX centuries, adorn the streets of this city founded in 1528, which was the capital of Chiapas until 1892, year in which this title devolve upon Tuxtla Gutierrez, located at an 83 kilometre distance.
    San Cristóbal is located in the Valley of Jovel, also known as the upper Chiapas, in the central high plateau. Amongst its numerous attractions, the Cathedral, stuffed with multiple artistic and architectonic details; the Church of Santo Doming, considered one of the best expressions of baroque in Chiapas; and the Naa-Bolom or House of the Jaguar, a sort of museum, library and hotel, stand out. It is indispensable to go to the public market on Saturdays, where the settlers of the indigenous communities gather together in order to sell and barter their products.

    -Palenque: it is an ancient Mayan citadel with temples and palaces of colossal dimensions that harmonise with the exuberance of the forest in Chiapas. It is believed to have been a sacred place that reached its peak of development around the year 600 AD. The Temple of the Inscriptions, named like this for its innumerable hieroglyphics drawn on its walls, and The Palace, the largest building in the archaeological compound, jut out amongst its constructions.
    In 1987 the Mayan citadel was declared Patrimony of Humanity by UNESCO. It is located at 284 kilometres from Tuxtla Gutierrez, the state capital, and at 7 kilometres from the plain Town of Palenque.
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