The added Gutierrez was imposed in 1848 to pay homage to Joaquin Miguel Gutierrez, a connoted and renowned federalist.
In spite of its potential wealth (large farming areas, oil fields,
and rivers that generate more than half of the electric power the
country consumes), Chiapas
is one of the poorest
states in Mexico, especially in rural areas inhabited by indigenous
Dispossessed of their own lands and postponed due to a series of
political and economic inequalities, the indigenous populations
rose in arms on January the 1st of 1994, under the name of Zapatista
National Liberation Army (EZLN), led by sub commander Marcos, a
man of unknown identity who revealed to the world the problems of
The EZLN won the sympathy of many social sectors in Mexico with their preach of peace, justice and dignity for the natives, and also the wrath of many others, which originated the repression of the movement by paramilitary groups. Later the Zapatistas would engage in negotiations with the government; currently the situation is settled and travellers will be able to go across the state with no problem whatsoever.
Beyond the social conflicts, Chiapas
to rejoice with its diversity of flora and fauna, which is concentrated
in the Miguel Alvarez del Toro Zoo, a piece of mountain that houses
exclusively species of the region, many of which live in open spaces.
Natural ponds, forests afar from pollution and dazzling landscapes,
configure the tourist agenda in Chiapas
has the Sumidero (Drain) Canyon National Park, a spectacular and
chilling geological fault 25 kilometres long, on whose surroundings
inhabit crocodiles, jaguars, pumas, spider monkeys and a great variety
of birds, as its crown jewel.
And if you want to flee the explosive nature of the canyon, there is nothing like Chiapa de Corzo, a charming town that keeps millenarian Mayan treasures, or San Cristóbal de las Casas, a city of narrow streets and ancient airs, with exquisite colonial churches that still host the faith of the locals.
Another alternative of historical shades is the archaeological compound of Palenque, one of the most amazing in the country. Its notable constructions transport us to a world that tastes like mystery and sultry earth, and its walls, especially those at the Temple of the Inscriptions, make evident part of the wisdom of the wonderful Mayan people.
Equally attractive is the great pyramid called The Palace, adorned with patios, passageways and tunnels, besides a fabulous 4-storey tower that worked as an observatory.
Different native groups who keep their customs and traditions coexist in these warm lands. It is moving to see the natives from Chamula with their loose white woollen robes (only religious authorities use black robes), which their ancestors called huipiles, or to watch the lengthy stripes hanging from the hats of the bachelor men of Zinacatán.
Do you need more reasons to visit Chiapas
? We believe
not; just pack your luggage and let yourself be seduced by the overflowing
nature, the archaeological richness left by the Mayas, and the spirit
of solidarity amongst the indigenous peoples.