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TEPOZTLAN

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TEPOZTLAN

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Meceta Teploztlan Energy, magic and traditional medicine within a town with solid millenary traditions and costumes, which are expressed with a multicoloured palette in its tianguis, in its markets or fairs where the direct exchange of products is still practised, in its peculiarly creative handcrafts, in its festivities bursting with faith and joyfulness, in its ancient temples to honour Pre-Hispanic gods and in those devoted to worship the Almighty who came from the West.

Teploztlan Highlands Protected by huge mountains and riffs, Tepoztlan stands at the foot of the Tepozteco Mountain within a serene valley in the State of Morelos, which is located at almost 17 kilometres distance from Cuernavaca and 74 kilometres from Mexico City. The name Tepoztlan comes from the Náhuatl tongue and can be translated as "the place of the copper axe", in allusion to the weapon carried by Ometochlti-Tepoztécatl, its guardian god.

The origins of this magical town have been traced to 1300 B.C., although there are no clues as to which human groups were the first who dwelled in this zone. Afterwards, it would be occupied by nomadic tribes who arrived to the basin of Mexico, among which we can mention the Toltecs, the Chichimecas and the Xochimilcos, the latter of which came during the 13th century A.D.
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    Tepozteco Hill In the year of 1438 the Aztecs would rule over Tepoztlan, making it as one of its tributaries, a condition that ended in 1521 when the Spaniards, under the leadership of Hernán Cortés arrived for the first time to these lands.

    Beneath the protection of the weapons of the conqueror, the Dominican priests promptly started to preach and evangelize the indigenes, but also to destroy the images of the local deities, including the god Ometochlti-Tepoztécatl itself within their campaign, the worshipped god of pulque (a fermented beverage), fecundity and harvest.

    Little by little, the newly arrived faith grabbed its own space within the hearts of the natives, thereafter great Catholic Churches were ercted and the first religious conversions were attained (whether with friendly or mean methods), whereas one of the most meaningful was that of the last king of Tepoztlan, who became christened on September the 8th of 1538.

    Quinta Roma Along their long stretched history, the people of Tepoztlan nurtured from the culture of the different nations that established in their territory, a fact that has allowed them to cast their own identity, which at the present still keeps them opposing the thrust of modernity as well as reinforcing their costumes and traditions.

    The present day Tepoztlan welcomes the traveller with the colonial monumentality of the former Dominican Convent of La Natividad, but also with the stony countenance of the Pyramid of Tepozteco, an emblematic indigene place of worship that stands out for its bass relief inscriptions.

    And if the visitor happens to be around the town on a Wednesday or on a Sunday, he would then be a witness to the tianguis, the legendary Pre-Hispanic rooted mixture of market and fair within which the most assorted kinds of products are sold, bought or swapped.

    The lucky visitor will become a part of the entangled beehive that invades the streets and will surely be driven by the tempting smell of the quesadillas, the tamales of lard and the atoles.

    Surrounded by a frame of green mountains, Tepoztlan still clutches to its old traditions, rejecting any kind of modernity excesses and cherishing its own essence, thus becoming into a community which has a lot to sustain within these times where cultural standardisation and global villages reign.

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